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Acknowledgment for APICES collaboration in a clinical trial published in The Oncologist.

Many times the work of CROs is not totally acknowledged. But, fortunately, this is not always the case.

This month, we want to share the acknowledgment that APICES has received in a recent publication in The Oncologist. This means to all APICES team an extra motivation in order to give continuity to the implication we have in every project in which we collaborate. From APICES, we are pride because of the recognition of our work and we want to thank ONCOSUR and Dr Eva Ciruelos for the opportunity they have given to APICES to appear as author as well as in the publication acknowledgments, and congratulate them for their project success.

The paper analyzes the results of a phase II clinical trial about neurotoxicity caused by three dose regimens of nab-paclitaxel in comparison with solvent-based paclitaxel as first line therapy. The clinical trial NEURABRAX has showed that, regardless of the dose, nab-paclitaxel did not differ from solvent-based-paclitaxel in terms of neurotoxicity as evaluated with the TNS. However, results from NCI-CTCAE, dose delays and reductions, and functional tools consistently indicate that 150 mg/m2 of nab-paclitaxel administered on days 1, 8 and 15 in a 4-week cycles is associated with a greater risk of chemotherapy-induced neuropathy. Thus, these results question the superiority of the TNS over NCI-CTCAE for evaluating chemotherapy-induced neuropathy and guiding treatment decisions in this context.

For more detailed information: A Pilot, Phase II, Randomized, Open‐Label Clinical Trial Comparing the Neurotoxicity of Three Dose Regimens of Nab‐Paclitaxel to That of Solvent‐Based Paclitaxel as the First‐Line Treatment for Patients with Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Type 2‐Negative Metastatic Breast Cancer Ciruelos, et al. The Oncologist

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AEMPS UPDATES GCP SECTION

On April 24th 2019, AEMPS updated the contents of GCP section. Two points were updated:

  • New version of serious protocol breaches notification form.
  • Prohibition of FDA 1572 form in clinical trials carried out in Spain. Those clinical trials must follow Spanish laws 2001/20/EC, 2001/83/EC y 2005/28/EC and Regulation (EU) No. 536/2014 (when come into force). The non-compliance of this direction will be considered by inspectors a major finding attributable to clinical trial sponsor and principal investigator.

 

For more information:

20190313

NEW TREATMENT OPTION FOR PATIENTS WITH SPINAL CORD INJURY

This month has been published a relevant article about a new therapeutic advance. A patient with spinal cord injury can walk again after being treated with NC1, a new cell therapy produced at Hospital Puerta de Hierro from Madrid, Spain.

The medical team from Hospital Puerta de Hierro started working in NC1 20 years ago. This therapy consists of expanded autologous mesenchymal stromal cells and autologous plasma as its excipient. APICES collaborated in project start-up and is proud of it. Congratulations to the Hospital Puerta de Hierro team and all the personnel involved who have made this possible.

For more information:

https://www.elmundo.es/salud/2019/03/01/5c79754b21efa04a668b45cf.html

20190227

CTFG KEY RECOMMENDATIONS TO CONDUCT A COMPLEX CLINICAL TRIAL

The Clinical Trials Facilitation and Coordination Group has drawn up a document that provides recommendations for sponsors regarding the authorization and conduct of complex clinical trial from a current perspective.

In this document, a complex clinical trial is considered to have a complex clinical trial design if it has separate parts that could constitute individual clinical trials and/or is characterized by extensive prospective adaptations such as planned additions of new Investigational Medicinal Products (IMP) or new target populations. These separate parts will be designated “sub-protocols” or different study cohorts and arms, depending on the context. Another option is carrying out several studies with a common master protocol between them. Examples of complex clinical trial designs are basket (one IMP or combination in several populations), umbrella (several IMPs or combinations in a single population) and platform trials (several IMPs or combinations in several populations).

The CTFG has stablished key recommendations regarding design, scientific integrity,  quality of trial conduct, clinical feasibility, safety, data integrity, benefit-risk balance and data transparency, among others.

For more information: http://www.hma.eu/fileadmin/dateien/Human_Medicines/01-About_HMA/Working_Groups/CTFG/2019_02_CTFG_Recommendation_paper_on_Complex_Clinical_Trials.pdf

20190130_2

GUIDANCE ON ONCOLOGY ENDPOINTS: FDA REVISION

Clinical trial endpoints serve to different objectives: In early phase, clinical trials evaluate safety and evidence biological drug activity; for later phase efficacy studies evaluate the clinical benefit.

Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has revised the previous guidance on oncology endpoints published in May 2007. This guidance provides recommendations to applicants on endpoints for cancer clinical trials submitted to the FDA.

In this guidance, the FDA classifies several endpoints in base on type of endpoint and study design. Furthermore, analyses advantages and disadvantages of every endpoint referred.

In addition to the already stablished endpoints, in this revision, the FDA proposes two new endpoints to consider:

  • Blood or Body Fluid-Based Biomarkers: Generally, although biomarkers assayed from blood or body fluids have not served as primary endpoints for cancer drug approval, the FDA has accepted blood-based markers as elements of a composite endpoint. This fact has been due to the use of paraprotein levels measured in blood and urine (myeloma) or CA-125 (ovarian cancer), for example.
  •  Emerging Endpoints: FDA recognizes that owing to advances in science, new endpoints that may be used in drug approvals can be identified. As examples, minimal residual disease (lymphoblastic leukemia) and metastasis-free survival (non-metastasis castration-resistant prostate cancer).

 

For more information: https://www.fda.gov/downloads/Drugs/GuidanceComplianceRegulatoryInformation/Guidances/UCM071590.pdf

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MERRY CHRISTMAS AND HAPPY 2019 – APICES 10 YEARS OLD

Next year is very close and is time to think about results of this year, time to celebrate successes and to be enthralled with the beginning of new projects and challenges for 2019.

Moreover, 2019 is really a very special year, APICES will be 10 years old, in which APICES has not stopped growing and improving its capabilities, quality and team. During last 10 years, APICES has met all our clients objectives & milestones, which are ours, and has overcame all challenges encountered along the way, but, this is not enough, and new clients, projects and challenges are waiting for us for next 10 years.

For all these reasons, APICES team wants to thank for this wonderful past 10 years to all involved stakeholders: clients, providers, investigators, patients, HHAA and for an awesome future:

The entire APICES team wishes you a Peaceful and Merry Christmas and a healthy and successful 2019.

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20181127

BIOETHICS IN CLINICAL TRIALS

The participation of a human being in a clinical trial generates a potential situation of vulnerability in which his/her rights must keep clearly protected. It is necessary that any medical investigation, which involves the human persons study, complies with several ethics requirements stablished in The Helsinki Declaration. All clinical trial protocol should be evaluated by an independent agency whose main objective is to care for clinical trial subjects rights, safety and welfare: The Clinical Research Ethics Committee.

The United States Conference built in the sixty´s the named “National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research ”. In 1978, this commission made a document, Belmont Report, which collects bioethics fundamental: Justice, Non-maleficence, Beneficence and Respect for autonomy.

Helsinki Declaration was written by the World Medical Association in 1964, it was the first document which proposed criteria and steps in order to protect subjects who are enrolling in biomedical investigation, several updates have been made, the last one was carried out in Fortaleza, Brazil. Its core principles consist in the need of clinical trial protocol must be approved by an Ethic Committee and the need of obtaining the inform consent form before subject enrolling.

The concern about Ethics in Clinical Research is increasing more and more. Directions about how carrying out any clinical investigation are been stablished with more accuracy because of there are more experts of different knowledge fields involved and are willing to share their point of view.

As can be seen in this publication: https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMms1603756, ethics values are constantly changing over time and always there are interests involved which led carrying out a clinical research without complying Helsinki Declaration or another ethic directions. Due to all this, Bioethics has become an essential aspect that always leads to debate.

For more information:
http://www.ethics.org.au/on-ethics/blog/august-2017/thomas-beauchamp-james-childress-medical-ethics

20181018

Update of Annexes II, V and VIIIC of the AEMPS for the conduct of clinical trials in Spain

The AEMPS has updated Annexes II, V and VIIIC for the conduct of clinical trials in Spain.

  • Annex II. Security documentation that the sponsor must send to the Health Authorities of the Autonomous Communities
  • Annex V. Model of insurance certificate
  • Annex VIIIC. Instructions for updating the section of Protection of personal data in the patient information sheet regarding the General Data Protection Regulation (EU) No. 2016/679

Clicking here you can access the annexes.

20181015

Use of electronic health record data in clinical investigations

Electronic health record (EHR) systems are electronic platforms that contain individual health records for patients. EHR systems are generally maintained by health care providers, health care organizations, and health care institutions and are used to deliver care.

The EHR systems can be an interesting chance in clinical investigation: to improve data accuracy and promote clinical trial efficiency, due to EHR systems can be used to integrate real-time electronic health care information, from medical devices and multiple health care providers involved in the care of patients. A typical individual EHR may include a patient’s medical history, diagnoses, treatment plans, immunization dates, allergies, radiology images, pharmacy records, and laboratory and test results that can be combined, aggregated to others platforms, and analyzed. In addition, there are opportunities for long-term follow up of large numbers of patients, which may be of particular importance in studies where the outcome of interest occurs rarely, such as in prophylaxis studies.

For more information: https://www.fda.gov/downloads/Drugs/GuidanceComplianceRegulatoryInformation/Guidances/UCM501068.pdf

20180924

Endpoints en ensayos clínicos: Ventajas y desventajas

Los endpoints primarios en ensayos clínicos deben basarse en 3 requisitos:

  1. Ser clínicamente relevantes.
  2. Relacionados con el efecto del tratamiento.
  3. Medibles e interpretables.

Los endpoints secundarios pueden aportar una visión más global del beneficio de tratamiento que está siendo estudiado y de su relación beneficio- riesgo; pueden ser de dos tipos:

  1. Aquellos que, como los primarios, son clínicamente relevantes y podrían ser tomados en consideración para posibles indicaciones del fármaco; y
  2. Endpoints que no están dirigidos a descubrir una nueva indicación o cambio de ficha técnica pero podrían ser un refuerzo de los endpoints primarios aportando nueva información sobre la enfermedad. Algunos endpoints secundarios podrían ser análisis exploratorios, que pueden mostrar efectos biológicamente plausibles y que podrían ser generadores de hipótesis que sería necesario confirmar en estudios posteriores.

Podéis encontrar información más detallada en el siguiente vínculo:

https://www.omicsonline.org/open-access/endpoints-in-clinical-trials-advantages-and-limitations-ebmp-1000e111.pdf

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